Currently, around 60 percent of the Iranian population lives in towns. Situated in southwestern Asia , Iran covers an area of 1,, sq km , sq mi and extends about 2, km 1, mi se — nw and 1, km mi ne — sw. The United States responded by stationing a naval task force in the region and attacking Iranian patrol boats and oil-loading platforms; in the process, the United States accidentally shot down a civilian passenger jet. The fishing grounds of the Persian Gulf were long neglected, but during the s new fishing fleets and packing and conserving facilities were established. There is a special pension system in force for public employees. The Ghaznavids were replaced by the Seljuks, descended from Turkish nomad warriors enlisted in their service. During the same period, the national urban housing deficit rose from , to 1. It was the first instance of foreign investment in the vital petroleum sector since the revolution.
The increase in unemployment and deteriorating economic conditions have somewhat eroded the Iranians’ so far rather tolerant and welcoming attitude toward refugees, and more pressure is being exerted for refugees to return to their countries of origin. The development plan of — 94 increased funding to develop heavy industry. Trade reforms implemented since have boosted economic growth and reduced budget deficits. Iran’s fiscal year coincides with its calendar year, beginning on 21 March. The Baha’is have been severely persecuted by the Shia government since the revolution, and many of their religious leaders have been executed. The Islamic republic has continued to provide health care programs to rural areas. Tehran is linked to major cities in the vicinity by kilometers miles of express-ways. This network, once used as an irrigation source, covers an estimated , km , mi.
Inseats on the council which have eight-year terms were opened for the first time to nonclerics.
Among Iran’s most widely read newspapers are Ettela’at circulationand KayhanRapid urbanization and migration of refugees into the country have made housing one of the country’s most acute social problems. Preeminent among prose writers was Sadeq Hedayat — 51author of the novel Buf i kur The Blind Owl and numerous other works, including films.
Air and water pollution continued to be significant problems in Iran in the aftermath of the Persian Gulf War. The Iranian government continues to restrict freedoms of speech, assembly, religion, association, and the press.
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With the backing of a referendum, Mossadeq dissolved the Majlis and then refused to resign when the shah again tried to oust him. Development of its extensive agricultural, mineral, and power resources was financed through oil revenues. There has been some emigration to Europe and the United Statesparticularly by Iranians who were studying overseas at the time of the revolution of The CIA defines GDP as the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year and computed on the basis of purchasing power parity PPP rather than value as measured on the basis of the rate of exchange.
Long-term capital inflows from private sources reached a peak in ; between andcapital. The government views the immigration level as too high, but the emigration level as satisfactory. Basic literacy rates are above the regional average, although uncertain reporting standards give a wide margin for error.
The metric system is the legal standard, but local units are widely seasno. These leaders, known as bazaaris, showed their power in by calling a series of strikes, paralyzing Iran’s economy and speeding up the departure of the shah. Hari, output in was estimated at 79 billion cu m, up from 59, million cu m in The private sector exceeded the target planned for investment. In the center, in red, is the coat of arms, consisting of a stylized representation of the word Allah.
The Majlis develops and passes legislation that is reviewed for adherence to Islamic and constitutional principles by a Council of Guardians, which consists of 6 clerical members. Education is compulsory for five years of primary school.
The episoe in revolutionary courts are rarely held in public and there is no guarantee of access to an attorney. Inthe Iranian merchant marine included vessels of at least 1, gross registered tonnage GRTwith a total capacity of 4, GRT.
On the plateau proper, areas of scrub oak appear on the best-watered mountain slopes, and villagers cultivate orchards and grow the plane tree, poplar, willow, walnut, beech, maple, and mulberry. Iran is considered to be a state sponsor of terrorism by the United States. The basic law controlling the use of forests dates from Traditionally, the family and the tribe were supplemented by Islamic waqf obligatory charity institutions for the care of the infirm and the indigent.
Inthe Cultural Revolution Committee was formed to oversee the institution of Islamic values in education.
After the war, efforts were made to revive oil exports and to shift the economy onto a peacetime basis. Export-based agricultural products — such as dates, flowers, and pistachios — have seen substantial growth, aided by large-scale irrigation projects, although successive years of serious drought in — put a damper on growth in the agricultural sector.
While the universities were closed, the Cultural Revolution Committee investigated professors and teachers and dismissed those who were believers in Marxismliberalism, and other “imperialistic” ideologies. In there were 54, sheep, 26, goats, 8, head of cattle,water buffalo, camels, and , chickens. Harim soltan season 3 episode 56 cristian lay menzel temime tv harim soltan 4 ep The Islamic republic has continued to provide health care programs to rural areas. Most of the increase in population migrated to urban centers and found jobs in industry and services, as opposed to agriculture.
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The economic boom of the previous 15 years also came to an end. Alarmed at the threat the nationalist leader posed to their position in the Gulf and the broader Middle East, the Western powers imposed an oil embargo on Iranian exports, crippling the government. The Iranian constitution prohibited foreign control over natural resources.
Other impacts of the first plan included a growth in agricultural production of 5. As the war continued to take a heavy toll in casualties and destruction and economic hardships persisted on the home front, the clerics maintained firm control through repression eepisode Khomeini’s charismatic hold over the people.
Harime Soltan part 105-106-107-108-109-110-111-112-113-114-115-116
Other exports included floor coverings and fruits solltan nuts, with pistachios accounting for 2. New York University Press, Manufactured goods include diesel engines, motor vehicles, television sets, refrigerators, washing machines, and other consumer items. Endangered species in Iran include the Baluchistan bear, Asiatic cheetah, Persian fallow deer, Siberian white crane, hawksbill turtle, green turtle, Oxus cobra, Latifi’s viper, dugong, and dolphins.
Although housing has always been given top priority eplsode development plans, the gap between supply and demand for dwellings has grown increasingly wide. The shoreline on the Caspian Sea is km mi. Mosalsal soltana Kosem motarjam ep 5. Telecharger harim soltan saison 1 telecharger harim soltan saison 1 saison 1 episode 3 le 22 mai a 22h Both radio and television were nationalized in Weakened by long wars with Romethe Parthians were followed by a local dynasty, the Sassanian, which arose in the area of Fars in southwestern Iran.
The Safavid period, marked by the emergence of a truly native Iranian dynasty after the lapse of many centuries, was a period of military power and general prosperity. Principal industries are oil refining, petrochemicals, steel, and copper. The Ministry of Justice oversees law courts in the provinces.
Most of the land area consists of a plateau some 1, m 4, ft above sea level and strewn with mountains. By the Persian New Year the first day of springorchards are in bloom and wild flowers abound. Domestic oil seasom in was placed at an estimated 1. Inthe forests and pastures in Iran were nationalized in an effort to stop trespassing deforestation.